Warts are small, rough and hard growth on the skin, which have a rough texture and are of the same colour as the skin. It may vary in looks and range from solid blisters to small cauliflower. Warts can appear on any part of the body. Its texture depends on the thickness of the skin. About 1 out of every 3 children and teenagers has warts. This number reduces to 5 percent among the adults. This can be attributed to the more enhanced immune system among adults.
Causes of Warts
Warts are caused because of action of viruses known as Human Papillomavirus (HPV). These viruses stimulate the excessive growth of Keratin, which is a hard protein present on the upper layer of the skin. HPV is easily contaminated and can spread from skin-to-skin contact. It can also be passed on by use of infected towels or shoes.
These viruses are not restricted and can also spread to other parts of the body. Most common reasons for its spread to other parts of bodies are:
- Biting or scratching a wart.
- If there are warts around fingernails then biting fingernails can cause warts to spread to other parts of the body.
- Taking wart infected fingers into mouth.
The other most prominent causes of warts are:
- Coming into contact with rough surfaces while having a damaged skin.
- Warts can be passed on from an infected person to another person if the latter has a weak immune system.
- Slaughterhouse workers and professional meat butchers are more prone to contracting warts.
Types of warts
Plantar warts: They appear on feet, heels or toes. In most of the cases, they are painful. They are a small black dot surrounded by rough whit tissue.
Plane warts: They are round, smooth and yellowish in colour. They generally occur in that part of the body which is constantly exposed to the sun.
Mosaic warts: They are a group of small plantar warts in a particular area of the body. They are of skin colour.
Treatment and prevention
- Warts can be avoided by taking these following precautions:
- Avoid coming in direct contact with people having a wart.
- Refrain from using other’s personal items like towels.
- Refrain from sharing shoes or socks with other people.
- Keep hands dry.
In most of the cases, warts require treatment. Warticide is the best wart removal treatment that is highly effective and feasible.